In this paper, we (Dave Egan and Erik Nielsen) present our account of how a divergent group of people, with a variety of values, interests and resources, recognized a social and ecological problem, and came together to find a collective answer. This is the story of the landscape-scale forest restoration effort known as the Four Forest Restoration Initiative (4FRI) and the ideas, groups of people, and series of related events as well as collaborative projects from which it eventually emerged. It is a record of the progress these people made from the mid-1990s until 2010. This is the latest chapter in the long and dynamic story of people as members of the ponderosa pine ecosystem in Arizona. As such, it provides a glimpse into the multi-dimensional interplay between humans and the environment in the American Southwest today.Continue
Their Four Forest Restoration Initiative, or 4FRI (pronounced “four-fry”), aims to remove half the trees in much of the area, while establishing an ecologically sustainable timber industry, processing small-diameter trees at no cost to the government — the dream of many Western forest restoration projects.
Wood chips, dead trees, branches, and tops left after timber harvest operations are typically burned or left on the ground to rot. But what if you could turn all that material into energy—to fuel your car or even heat your home? That’s the idea behind a multimillion-dollar research project being led by HSU Forestry Professor Han-Sup Han.
In the heart of the Siberian forest, men risk their lives for the chance to make a fortune cutting timber – a crime that involves Russian mob bosses, Chinese middlemen and some of the biggest corporations in the U.S. and Canada.